"A decline in physical activity may come with age due to muscle loss, joint stiffness, worsening illness, fear of injury, or depression. Residents who lose mobility may also lose the ability to perform other activities of daily living, like eating, dressing, or getting to the bathroom. In some cases, however, the decline measured may be temporary and due to a short-term illness the resident is experiencing at the time of the assessment."
Why is this important?: "A lack of movement affects the resident in many ways. It becomes difficult to participate in physical and social activities. Sleep quality can suffer. The risk of heart disease, stroke, diabetes, or blood clots can increase. Depression and anxiety can worsen. Staying in one position, and constant pressure on the skin can increase the chance of pressure sores. It is important for residents to be as active as possible."
Taken from the Center for Medicaid and Medicare Services: Nursing Home Information for Consumers