Head and Neck Cancers

Head and neck cancer is used to describe cancers that can be in or around the mouth, nose, throat, sinuses, and larynx (voice box). Most head and neck cancers are squamous cell and begin in the flat, thin surface layer (known as the epithelium) in these areas. These cancers are categorized by the area of the head or neck where they begin.

Risk Factors:

  • Use of tobacco in any form
  • Use of alcohol
  • Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV)

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Lump or sore throat that does not heal
  • Dificulty in swallowing
  • Hoarseness

If you have any of these persistent symptoms or signs that are of particular concern, please consult your physician.

For more information about Head and Neck Cancers see:

National Cancer Institute

U.S. National Library of Medicine

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