Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
The following is a list of tests and treatments we offer to help treat hypertension (high blood pressure). Please consult one of our doctors to determine a treatment plan that works best for you.
Usually the first step in treating hypertension is lifestyle changes such as losing weight or to stop smoking. Lifestyle changes can have a positive impact on controlling hypertension. Sometimes lifestyle changes are not enough to control hypertension and there are many drugs available to treat hypertension.
- ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme)inhibitors) ACE inhibitors are a type of vasodilator that expand and relax blood vessels and decrease resistance. Blood is able to flow more easily and decrease the workload of the heart. Some people experience an irritating cough while taking ACE inhibitors. Please consult your physician about other alternative medications if you are experiencing a cough.
- Beta Blockers - are a group of drugs that act by blocking specific receptors in the nervous system. Beta blockage results in a slowing of the heart rate, lowering of blood pressure and reduction of anxiety. Beta Blockers also help blood vessels relax and open up to improve blood flow.
- ARB's (Angiotensin II (A-11)receptor blockers) have many of the same effects of ACE inhibitors without the irritating cough.
- Diuretics (water pills) causes patients to urinate and removes fluid from the body, reducing blood volume. Removing fluid reduces the strain and workload of the heart. Some diuretics cause your body to lose potassium and magnesium, your doctor may also prescribe supplements of these minerals.
- Calcium Channel Blockers - these medications slow the heart rate and relax the muscles of the blood vessels.
- Alpha Blockers - are medications that block the effects of certain stress hormones in the body. They can help blood vessels to relax and prevent the narrowing of blood vessels in response to the stress hormones.
Other links for life style changes: