If your blood sugars cannot be controlled by watching what you eat and physical activity then your doctor may order medications to keep your blood sugars in control. Each type of pill works in a different way to lower your blood sugar. Your doctor may try one medication and if that doesn't work your doctor may switch or add a different medication to your regimen.
People with Type 1 diabetes must take insulin. Insulin must be taken by injection. Insulin lowers your blood sugar by helping the sugar (glucose) to get inside the cell where it is either used for energy or stored for later use.
People with Type 2 diabetes may just be on a meal plan and physical activity. Some people with type 2 diabetes may be treated with just diabetes pills, insulin, or a combination of diabetes pills and insulin.
The use of gut hormones is another approach your doctor may choose.
Sometimes when you aren't feeling well, you may want to use some over the counter medications, or those that do not require a prescription from your doctor. Before taking any other medications, herbs, or supplements check with your doctor or pharmacist. Some products may contain substances that will affect your blood sugar.
- Know the name of your medication - write it down and carry it in your wallet or purse.
- Know when you should take your medication
- Know how often you should take your medication
- Know what to do if you forget to take your medication
- Know what the side effects and what you should do if you experience any
- Follow your meal plan carefully. This is necessary for your medication to work effectively. A diabetes pill is NOT a replacement for eating correctly.
- Always tell your dentist what kind of medications you are on
- Never give your medicine to anyone else
- Never put more than one medicine in a container. Keep the medicine in the original container with a label on it.
- Keep all medicines out of the reach of children.
- Avoid alcoholic beverages until you have discussed this with your doctor.