Man works on strengthening and control in Brain Injury Rehabilitation, which is offered at the Genesis 	Center for Physical Medicine & Rehab

Brain Injury Rehabilitation

A brain injury can be caused by a few different conditions including: inadequate oxygen supply to the brain, infection, or head trauma all of which are associated with a behavioral or functional abnormality. A brain injury deals with the degeneration or destruction of brain cells.

Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

A traumatic brain injury occurs as a result from an external force to the head that can possibly lead to permanent or temporary impairment of cognitive, physical, and psychosocial functions. 

Types of Traumatic Brain Injuries

  • Closed head injury: results from a trauma such as a blow to the head or other sudden, violent motions that causes the brain to knock against the skull.
  • Penetrating head injury: caused by high-velocity projectiles, such as a gunshot or objects of lower velocity - knives or bone fragments from a skull fracture. 
  • Diffuse axonal injury: occurs as a result of traumatic shearing forces that causes disconnection of the axons within the brain, and can have widespread damage.

Causes of Traumatic Brain Injuries:

  • 28% - Falls
  • 20% - Traffic accidents
  • 19% - Struck by/against
  • 11% - Assaults
  • 9% - Unknown
  • 7% - Other
  • 3% - Bicycle (non-motor vehicle)
  • 2% - Other transport
  • 1% - Suicide 

Non-Traumatic Brain Injury

Non-Traumatic Brain Injury

A non-traumatic brain injury can occur as a result of an illness, lack of oxygen to the brain, aneurysms, cardiac arrest, near-drowning, tumors, metabolic disorders, etc.  Non-traumatic injuries can have effects throughout the brain as it attacks the cellular structure and is not limited to concentrated areas. 

Most Common causes of Non-Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Anoxic Injury: inadequate or absence of oxygen to the brain, usually after cardiac arrest, drowning, choking, carbon monoxide inhalation.
  • Stroke: blood supply to the brain is cut off or interrupted for some reason causing the brain cells to die.
  • Hemorrhage: bleeding in or around the brain. It can be caused by an aneurysm or an arteriovenous malformation (AVM).
  • Toxic or metabolic injury: abnormal, detrimental levels of chemicals accumulate within the body. This can be caused by medications, lead, drug abuse, or excess chemicals manufactured in the body that are not metabolized effectively (liver failure or kidney failure).
  • Encephalitis: infection or inflammation of the brain tissues, most commonly caused by a viral infection.
  • Brain tumors: primary tumor or secondary, chemotherapy and radiation can also damage brain tissue when tumor is being treated. 
  • Meningitis: inflammation of the thin membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord, usually caused by a virus or bacteria.

Signs and Symptoms of a Brain Injury

Signs and Symptoms of a Brain Injury

  • Unconsciousness
  • Inability to remember the cause of the injury or events that occurred immediately before or up to 24 hours after
  • Confusion and disorientation
  • Difficulty remembering new information
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Blurry vision
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Changes in emotions or sleep patterns
  • Trouble speaking coherently

Prevention of a Traumatic Brain Injury

Prevention of a Traumatic Brain Injury

  • Wear your seat belt
  • Don’t drive under the influence of drugs or alcohol
  • Don’t text or use a cell phone while driving
  • Wear a helmet for protection
    • Riding bicycle, motorcycle, skateboard, scooters
    • Skiing, snowboarding or skating
    • Contact sports
  • Prevent falls at home
    • Install handrails in bathrooms or on stairways
    • Remove rugs/clutter to prevent tripping
    • Provide good lighting in home, especially at night
    • Maintain regular eye exams
    • Use nonslip or nonskid surfaces in tub/shower
    • Keep active, work on your balance in older adults
  • Childhood prevention
    • Install window guards
    • Use safety gates on top/bottom of stairs
    • Ensure playgrounds have shock-absorbing surfaces
    • Follow guideline and regulations for children when riding in a car, proper fit of booster seats or car seats


Genesis Medical Center West Campus

1401 West Central Park
Davenport, Iowa

If you or your loved one has suffered a brain injury, you will receive treatment from a multidisciplinary team of professionals whose goal is to provide quality, motivating & compassionate care at Genesis Medical Center Davenport. A comprehensive and individualized plan of care will be developed to help you receive the maximum functional improvement in the shortest time possible.

The experienced physician and healthcare professionals at Genesis Medical Center address the medical conditions of the brain injury patient and related issues that may affect the patient and their families. It is our goal to maximize potential for neurological recovery and functional mobility and to minimize and treat any associated condition or complications. Genesis Brain Injury Program has met or exceeded national benchmarks for independence recovery of brain injured patients.

The professional treatment team consists of a physiatrist (rehab doctor), nurses, occupational therapist, physical therapist, speech language pathologist, therapeutic recreation specialist, social worker, spiritual care associate, dietician, and wound care specialists, who have multiple years of experience. The team of professionals caring for the patient have received additional training at local and national seminars. Members of the team have professional memberships in several local and national brain injury organizations.

Treatment with the brain injury patient includes the following areas:

Bowel/bladder training, adaptive equipment training, activities of daily living, cognitive-communicative functioning, swallow rehabilitation, neurofeedback/cognitiveretraining, wheelchair management, home management modifications, driver's evaluation and training, bracing, spasticity management, pain management, community retraining, psychosocial management, functional mobility, vocational referrals, nutrition, preventive healthcare, and financial/community resources.

The Genesis Brain Injury Rehabilitation Program has many educational resources available to patients and families. Patient's family members are strongly encouraged to participate in therapies, educational sessions, family conferences, and therapeutic outings.

Special Genesis Medical Center Brain Injury Rehabilitation Program features:

  • Specially Trained therapy and nursing staff readily available to provide the highest quality care
  • LIFT Program (Learning Independence for Tomorrow) - outpatient day treatment program
  • Neurofeedback/Cognitive Retraining
  • Spasticity and Mobility Management
    • Baclofen Program
  • Orthotists available onsite for bracing needs
  • RESNA Certified ATP (Rehabilitative Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America Assistive Technology Providers & Suppliers) therapists are available to provide the most up to date information regarding equipment needs and options
  • RESNA Certified ATS (Assistive Technology Suppliers) are also available through Genesis Home Medical Equipment Company
  • Therapy services on the Acute Neurology Unit to better prepare you for transition to the Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Program
  • State Of The Art Equipment to speed your recovery
    • Bioness Upper and Lower Extremity Retraining Systems
    • SmartBalanceMaster Assessment & Training
    • LiteGait Body-weight support system is used for training persons to walk again when appropriate
    • Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) is available
  • A complete educational series to prepare families for discharge
  • Family involvement is encouraged and support services are provided
  • A full spectrum of rehabilitation services are available to help you continue your rehabilitation after discharge from the hospital

Outpatient (LIFT)

LIFT-Learning Independence for Tomorrow

LIFT is an outpatient-based program for brain injury rehabilitation.

The LIFT Program is designed for adolescents and adults who have sustained a brain injury, are medically stable, yet would benefit from intensive rehabilitation services beyond what is provided in traditional outpatient programs.

This CARF accredited program offers patient care in-group settings for 6.5 hours per day, four days a week.

The primary objective is maximizing each patient's function, independence and quality of life, through compensation strategies, cognitive rehabilitation and the development of functional skills.

Learning skills to return to work, school or recreational activities is an integral part of the treatment plan. Job analysis, simulated work activities and collaboration with school personnel and employers are some of the services provided by the LIFT staff.

Physical Therapy and Wellness

4017 Devils Glen Road
Suite 100
Bettendorf, IA 52722



Brain Injury Association of America

American Stroke Association

Brain injury Alliance of Iowa

Tom Mashek battling for a fly ball with his son, Max.

Back to Life after Stroke

"[The stroke] woke me up to the fact that at every softball tournament, even if I don’t want to get up at 6 a.m., I can say to myself instead, ‘I’m here. I get to watch my kid play ball.’ And that’s the best.” - Tom Mashek

Read More

Joint Pain

FREE Screening

In pain? In just 15 minutes our experienced physical therapists can help to evaluate the source of your physical pain at absolutely no cost


Related Locations